Содержание

Present Perfect Tense. Exercises. Упражнения на отработку Present Perfect Simple

Сегодня нам предстоит выполнить 12 упражнений на Present Perfect, поэтому освежите в памяти схему его образования.

Упражнения на Present Perfect помогут вам

Наличие ответов к упражнениям поможет вам проконтролировать собственные результаты или результаты ваших учеников.

Форма глагола в Present Perfect Tense. Exercises.

Упражнение 1. Заполните таблицу, используя следующие формы глагола. Complete the table with the base forms and the past participles. Use the words in the box.

Lose, taken, swim, bought, do, written, run, eaten, take, won, write, done, buy, lost, win, run, eat, swum

base form

past simple

past participle

 _________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

bought

did

ate

lost

ran

swam

took

won

wrote        

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

_________

 Утвердительные предложения в Present Perfect Tense. Упражнения.

Упражнение 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect.

  1. He _____ (finish) training.
  2. She _____ (score) twenty points in the match.
  3. We _____ (watch) all the Champions League matches this season.
  4. That’s amazing! She _____ (run)  fifteen kilometers this morning!
  5. She _____  (buy)  some really nice rollerblades!
  6. Oh, no! I  _____ (lose) my money!
  7. My mum _____ (write) shopping list. It’s on the kitchen table.
  8. Dad, you _____ (eat) my biscuit!
  9. I’m tired. I  _____ (watch) three X-Files videos.             
  10. Hurry up! They  _____ (start) the film!
  11. Mary  _____ (study) hard this year, so she’ll pass her exams.
  12. Oh no! She  _____  (drop) the plate!
  13. The garden is very green. It  _____ (rain) a lot this month.
  14. These are my favourite trousers. I  _____ (have) them for five years.
  15. Tom’s my best friend. I  _____ (know) him for three years.
  16. They _____  (live) in Miami for two years.
  17. Jo has earache. He  _____ (have) it since 7 o’clock.
  18. Brad _____ (live) in Chicago since 1998.

 

Отрицательные предложения в Present Perfect Simple. Упражнения.

 Упражнение 3. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect negative.

  1. I _____ (not clean) my football boots.
  2. They _____ (not start) their meal.
  3. I  _____ (not do) my homework.
  4. He _____  (not win)  all his matches this year.
  5. My brother and I _____  (not see) any films this week.              
  6. It’s my birthday party today. I  _____ (not invite) many people.
  7. He  _____  (not wash) his hands. They’re very dirty.
  8. Mum’s really angry. We _____  (not tidy) our room!
  9. I can’t play with my friends this evening. I  _____ (not finish) my homework.
  10. I  _____  (not visit) New York for three years.
  11. Where’s Alison? We  _____  (not see) her since yesterday.
  12. Dad   _____ (not take) a holiday since last August.
  13. John  _____ (not play) the violin since he was school.

 For или since?

Упражнение 4. В письме есть 4 ошибки на использование  for и since.  Найдите и исправьте их. These are some sentences from Nigel’s letter home from Africa. He has made four mistakes in using ‘for’ and ‘since’. Correct his mistakes.

Dear Mum and Dad,

I’ve lived in Africa since two weeks and I love it! Africa is beautiful! I haven’t travelled to any faraway place for last summer. I’m so happy now!

I’ve already seen Mr. Rambler. He is working for WWF here and taking photos of wild animals. I haven’t seen any lions yet. I think I’ll see them later.

Thank you for the trip. I’ve dreamed of Kenya for my childhood. I haven’t seen you since ages! I miss you so much!

Love, Nigel.

 

Упражнение 5. Дополните предложения словами for или since. Complete the sentences. Use for or since.

  1. I’ve lived in Washington _____ 1997.
  2. Ben has studied English _____  three years.
  3. They haven’t visited their grandparents  _____ months.
  4. Julie’s ill. She’s been in bed _____ Tuesday.
  5. My dad has had his car_____  sixteen.
  6. It’s been ten years_____ we moved to Oxford.

 

Упражнение 6. Пользуясь опорными словами, a также словами for и since составьте предложения в Present Perfect Simple.

  1. Kate/be/in bed/a long time.
  2. She / not eat / anything / this morning.
  3. She / not see / her friends / a week.    
  4. She / stay / at home / Tuesday.              
  5. She / have / a red nose / three days.
  6. She / not play / basketball / last weekend.
  7.  She / not do / any school work / Monday.

Больше упражнений на for и since.

Вопросительные предложения в Present Perfect Tense. Упражнения.

Упражнение 7. Zork и Zena – инопланетяне, впервые прилетевшие на Землю. Они составили список дел. Напишите вопросы и ответы о том, что они уже сделали, а чего  пока  нет.

Пример:

Zork (eat) a hamburger?

Has  Zork eaten a hamburger?

Yes, he has.

 Zork and Zena (drink) a cola?   

Have Zork and Zena drunk a cola?

No, they haven’t.

  1. Zena (see) a film?
  2. Zork and Zena (speak) English?
  3. Zork (swim) in the sea?
  4. Zena (visit) the Acropolis?
  5. Zork and Zena (drive) a car?      

 

Упражнение 8. Напишите вопросы в Present Perfect, используя глаголы в скобках. Дайте правдивые ответы.

Пример:

(eat Italian food)

— Have you ever eaten Italian food?

— Lots of times.

1 (ski)

— ______________________

— ______________________

2 (win money)

— ______________________

— ______________________

3 (have a dream)

— ______________________

— ______________________

4 (break a leg)

— ______________________

— ______________________

5 (go to a concert)

— ______________________

— ______________________

 

Упражнение 9.  Дополните диалог вопросами и ответами в Present Perfect.

Reporter: (you do) Have you done a lot of training this year?

Trish:     Yes, I have. I have trained six times a week all year.

Reporter: Who ______________ (1 you train) with?

Trish: With my coach, and the team.

Reporter: Where ______________ (2 you play) this year?

Trish: Mostly in Britain. But we’ve also travelled to Holland.

Reporter : ______________ (3 you win)   many matches?

Trish: Yes, we (4) ______________      .

Reporter: And how many matches ______________ (5 you lose)?

Trish: Only three.

Reporter: That’s great. ______________ (6 you have) any injuries?

Trish: No, I ______________ (7)             .

Reporter: Thanks, Trish, and good luck.

 

Упражнение 10. Напишите вопросы с How long. Дополните ответы, используя for или since. Write questions with How long. Complete the answers with for or since.

Пример:

I live in London.

How long have you lived in London?

For three years.

1 He’s a teacher.

____________________

____________ September.

2 My parents work in a shop.

____________________

____________  1992.

3 My sister knows Robbie Williams.

____________________

_________ six months.

4 We’ve got a new car.

____________________

________ two weeks.

 Комплексные упражнения на использование Present Perfect Simple.

Упражнение 11. Заполните письмо Джейн глаголами в Present Perfect. Complete Jane’s letter to her American friend. Use the Present Perfect Tense.

Dear Amy

I _____ (1 not have) a letter from you for a long time. _____ (2 you lose) my address? I bought the new Steps CD at the weekend. I _____ (3 already listen) to it. _____ (4 you hear) it yet? It’s brilliant. There’s a new video too, but I _____ (5 not see) it yet.

School is going OK. I _____ (6 just finish) some exams, but the holidays _____ (7 not start) yet. We’re going to Ireland. I _____ (8 never be) there.

Write soon with your news.

Love

Jane

 

Упражнение 12. Ник готовится к путешествию. Он собирается навестить бабушку.

Ознакомьтесь со списком дел, которые ник планирует сделать до отъезда. Напишите, что он уже сделал, а что нет. Используйте alreadyи yet. Nick is getting ready to travel. He is going to visit his Granny. Read the list of things he must do before travelling. Write what he has done and what he hasn’t done.

THINGS TO DO

  • to pack suitcases (+)
  • to water flowers (+)
  • to take my library book back
  • to say ‘good-bye’ to Nigel (+)
  • to clean my shoes
  • to call Granny (+)
  • to buy some food and drinks (+)
  • to clean the parrot’s cage
  • to change the water for the fish
  • to buy a present for Granny (+)

Ответы.

Упражнение 1

base form

past simple

past participle

 buy

do

eat

lose

run

swim

take

win

write

bought

did

ate

lost

ran

swam

took

won

wrote        

bought

done

eaten

lost

run

swum

taken

won

written    

Упражнение 2

1 has finished, 2 has scored, 3 have watched, 4 has run, 5 has bought, 6 have lost, 7 has written, 8 have eaten, 9 have watched, 10 have started, 11 has studied, 12 has dropped, 13 has rained, 14 have had, 15 have known, 16 have lived, 17 has had, 18 has lived.

Упражнение 3

1 have not cleaned, 2 haven’t started, 3 have not done, 4 hasn’t won, 5 haven’t seen, 6 haven’t invited, 7 has not washed, 8 haven’t tidied, 9 haven’t finished, 10 have not visited, 11 haven’t seen, 12 hasn’t taken, 13 has not played. 

Упражнение 4.

  1. for two weeks
  2. since last summer
  3. since my childhood
  4. for ages

Упражнение 5

1  since, 2 for, 3 for, 4 since, 5 since, 6 since

Упражнение 6.

  1. Kate has been in bed for a long time.
  2. She hasn’t eaten anything since this morning.
  3. She hasn’t seen her friends for a week.
  4. She has stayed at home since Tuesday.
  5. She has had a red nose for three days.
  6. She has not played basketball since last week.
  7. She has not done any school work since Monday.

 

Упражнение 7.

  1. Has Zena seen a film? Yes, she has.
  2. Have Zork and Zena spoken English? Yes, they have.
  3. Has Zork swum in the sea? No, he hasn’t.
  4. Has Zena visited the Acropolis? Yes, she has.
  5. Have Zork and Zena driven a car? No, they haven’t.

Упражнение 8.

Вопросы:

Have you ever…

  1. skied?
  2. won money?
  3. had a dream?
  4. broken a leg?
  5. gone to a concert?

Ответы Ваши собственные.

Упражнение 9.

1 have you trained, 2 have you played, 3 have you won, 4 have, 5 have you lost, 6 have you had, 7 haven’t.

Упражнение 10.

  1. How long has he been a teacher? He has been a teacher since September.
  2. How long have they worked in a shop? They have worked in a shop since 1992.
  3. How long has she known Robbie Williams? She has known him for six month.
  4. How long have you got a new car. We have got a new car for two weeks.

Упражнение 11.

1 haven’t had, 2 have you lost, 3 have already listened, 4 have you heard 5 haven’t seen, 6 have just finished, 7 haven’t started, 8 have never been

Упражнение 12

Nick has already packed the suitcases (+)

Nick has already watered flowers (+)

Nick hasn’t taken his library book back yet.

Nick has already said ‘good-bye’ to Nigel (+)

Nick hasn’t  cleaned his shoes yet.

Nick has already called his Granny (+)

Nick has already bought some food and drinks (+)

Nick hasn’t cleaned the parrot’s cage yet.

Nick hasn’t changed the water for the fish yet.

Nick has already bought a present for his Granny (+)

Надеюсь, упражнения на отработку английского времени Present Perfect Simple понравились вам и оказались полезными.

Понравилось? Сохраните на будущее и поделитесь с друзьями!

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PRESENT PERFECT — УПРАЖНЕНИЯ С ОТВЕТАМИ

Привет, Друзья. Настоящее совершённое время образуется при помощи глагола have / has + Past participle (причастие прошедшего времени)

Present perfect описывает действия, которые произошли в какой-либо неуказанный момент в прошлом, точный момент совершения действия не важен, важен сам факт его совершения.

Схема  образования Present Perfect

Основные случаи и ситуации применения Present perfect:

— опыт
— перемены в течение времени- достижения
— невыполненное ожидаемое действие
— частые действия в прошлом

Упражнения на Present Perfect

Упражнение 1. Дополните предложения правильной формой Present Perfect.

  1. I know who your boss is. I (work) for him.
  2. Look! Somebody already (broke) the tree.
  3. Mary (go) to Moskow, but she’ll be back next Monday at the latest.
  4. Andy is in hospital now. He (have) a bad crash.
  5. Jane is crying. She (hurt) her knee.

Упражнение 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect.

  1. He _____ (finish) training.
  2. She _____ (score) twenty points in the match.
  3. We _____ (watch) all the Champions League matches this season.
  4. That’s amazing! She _____ (run)  fifteen kilometers this morning!
  5. She _____  (buy)  some really nice rollerblades!
  6. Oh, no! I  _____ (lose) my money!
  7. My mum _____ (write) shopping list. It’s on the kitchen table.
  8. Dad, you _____ (eat) my biscuit!
  9. I’m tired. I  _____ (watch) three X-Files videos.
  10. Hurry up! They  _____ (start) the film!
  11. Mary  _____ (study) hard this year, so she’ll pass her exams.
  12. Oh no! She  _____  (drop) the plate!
  13. The garden is very green. It  _____ (rain) a lot this month.
  14. These are my favourite trousers. I  _____ (have) them for five years.
  15. Tom’s my best friend. I  _____ (know) him for three years.
  16. They _____  (live) in Miami for two years.
  17. Jo has earache. He  _____ (have) it since 7 o’clock.
  18. Brad _____ (live) in Chicago since 1998.

Упражнение 3. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect negative.

  1. I _____ (not clean) my football boots.
  2. They _____ (not start) their meal.
  3. I  _____ (not do) my homework.
  4. He _____  (not win)  all his matches this year.
  5. My brother and I _____  (not see) any films this week.
  6. It’s my birthday party today. I  _____ (not invite) many people.
  7. He  _____  (not wash) his hands. They’re very dirty.
  8. Mum’s really angry. We _____  (not tidy) our room!
  9. I can’t play with my friends this evening. I  _____ (not finish) my homework.
  10. I  _____  (not visit) New York for three years.
  11. Where’s Alison? We  _____  (not see) her since yesterday.
  12. Dad   _____ (not take) a holiday since last August.
  13. John  _____ (not play) the violin since he was school.

Упражнение 4. Расставьте слова по порядку. Переведите получившиеся предложения.

  1. have – Britain – several – I – to – times – been
  2. Spain – since – she – lived – in – 1994 – has
  3. five – married – have – they – years – been – for
  4. I – coffee – made – already – for – have – you
  5. never – Bob – a bike – has – had

Упражнение 5. Поставьте наречия из скобок в нужное место.

  1. Have you washed your hands? (already)
  2. We have phoned the doctor. (just)
  3. Has she ridden a horse? (ever)
  4. I have danced the tango. (never)
  5. The train hasn’t arrived. (yet)

Упражнение 6. Переведите предложения:

  1. Я ещё никогда не был за границей.
  2. Мои родители уже переехали в новую квартиру.
  3. Он ещё не закончил уборку. Когда я был в командировке, я познакомился с прекрасной девушкой.
  4. Я видел эту комедию трижды.
  5. Ты уже читал сегодняшнюю газету?
  6. Мы играли в компьютерные игры с 1 до 3.

Рекомендую: Present simple — много упражнений с ответами

Ответы

Упражнение 1

  1. have worked
  2. has already broken
  3. has gone
  4. has had
  5. has hurt

Упражнение 2

1 has finished,
2 has scored,
3 have watched,
4 has run,
5 has bought,
6 have lost,
7 has written,
8 have eaten,
9 have watched,
10 have started,
11 has studied,
12 has dropped,
13 has rained,
14 have had,
15 have known,
16 have lived,
17 has had,
18 has lived.

Упражнение 3

1 have not cleaned,
2 haven’t started,
3 have not done,
4 hasn’t won,
5 haven’t seen,
6 haven’t invited,
7 has not washed,
8 haven’t tidied,
9 haven’t finished,
10 have not visited,
11 haven’t seen,
12 hasn’t taken,
13 has not played.

Упражнение 4

  1. I have been to Britain several times. (Я был в Британии несколько раз.)
  2. She has lived in Spain since 1994. (Она живет в Испании с 1994 года.)
  3. They have been married for five years. (Они женаты в течение 5 лет.)
  4. I have already made coffee for you. (Я уже сделал кофе для тебя.)
  5. Bob has never had a bike. (У Боба никогда не было мотоцикла.)

Упражнение 5

  1. Have you already washed your hands? (Ты уже помыл руки?)
  2. We have just phoned the doctor. (Мы только что позвонили доктору.)
  3. Has she ever ridden a horse? (Ты когда-либо каталась верхом на лошади?)
  4. I have never danced the tango. (Я никогда не танцевала танго.)
  5. The train hasn’t arrived yet. (Поезд еще не прибыл.)

Упражнение 6

  1. I have never been abroad.
  2. My parents have already moved into a new apartment.
  3. He hasn’t finished cleaning yet.
  4. When I was in business trip I have made the acquaintance with beautiful girl.
  5. I have seen this comedy three times.
  6. Have you ever read today newspaper?
  7. We have played computer games since 1 to 3 pm.

Всё о времени PRESENT PERFECT

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Present Perfect Tense: упражнения с ответами

Exercise 1. Выберите неправильные глаголы и запишите их 3ю форму (Past Participle).

To arrive, to give, to play, to understand, to blow, to prepare, to wash, to fall, to miss, to run, to know, to talk, to open, to do, to water, to teach, to iron, to brush, to pay, to say, to remember, to show, to speak, to gather.

Answers: Given, understood, blown, fallen, run, known, done, taught, paid, said, shown, spoken.

Exercise 2. Выберите правильный вариант.

  1. I have/has watched this film.
  2. We have began/begun the work.
  3.  Den have/has done his homework.
  4.  Molly has break/ broken her toy.
  5.  Julia and Betty have/has cut the vegetables.
  6.  He/we have paid for pizza.
  7.  You have/has ironed this dress.
  8.  Children have has/had supper.
  9. I/she have switched off the light.
  10.  Martin has went/gone.
  11.  The girl has drew/drawn a nice picture.
  12. You/he has returned from the trip.
  13.  They have/has gathered the harvest.
  14. She/they has packed the things.
  15. We have chose/chosen the present.
  16.  The train have/has arrived.

Answers: 1. have; 2. begun; 3. has; 4. broken; 5. have; 6. we; 7. have; 8. had; 9. I; 10. gone; 11. drawn; 12. he; 13. have; 14. She; 15. chosen; 16. has.

Exercise 3. Составьте предложения, используя Present Perfect.

  1. We/to return/from the journey/just.
  2. I/to see/my boss/today.
  3.  Helen/to decorate/her room/already.
  4. My cousins/to be/to this cinema/never.
  5.  Max/to buy/а magazine/today.
  6.  You/to spend/а lot of money/this month.
  7.  Ian and Peter/to repair/the radio/already.
  8.  I/to drive/а car/never.
  9.  We/to get/some letters/this week.
  10.  The dog/to run away/just.

Answers: 1. We have just returned from the journey. 2. I have seen my boss today. 3. Helen has already decorated her room. 4. My cousins have never been to this cinema. 5. Max has bought a magazine today. 6. You have spent a lot of money this month. 7. Ian and Peter have already repaired the radio. 8. I have never driven a car. 9. We have got some letters this week. 10. The dog has just run away.

Exercise 4. В следующих предложениях измените время гла­гола на Present Perfect. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The pupils are writing a dictation.
  2.  My friend is helping me to solve a difficult problem.
  3. I am learning a poem.
  4.  She is telling them an interest­ing story.
  5.  Kate is sweeping the floor.
  6. The wait­er is putting a bottle of lemonade in front of him.
  7. I am eating my breakfast.
  8. We are drinking water.
  9.  He is bringing them some meat and vege­tables.
  10.  You are putting the dishes on the table.
  11. They are having tea.
  12. She is taking the dirty plates from the table.
  13. The children are putting on their coats.
  14. Susan is making a new dress for her birthday party.
  15. She is opening a box of chocolates.
  16. I am buying milk for milk shakes.
  17. James is ordering a bottle of apple juice.
  18.  We are looking for more CDs with good music.
  19. Are you recording your favourite film on his video recorder?
  20. I am translating a difficult article from German into Russian.

Answers: 1. have written. 2. has helped. 3. have learnt. 4. has told. 5. has swept. 6. has put. 7. have eaten. 8. have drunk. 9. has brought. 10. have put. 11. have had. 12. has taken. 13. have put on. 14. has made. 15. has opened. 16. have bought. 17. has ordered. 18. have looked. 19. have you recorded. 20. have translated.

Перевод: 1. Ученики написали диктант. 2. Мой друг помог мне решить трудную задачу. 3. Я выучил стихотворение. 4. Она рассказала им интересную историю. 5. Катя подмела пол. 6. Официант поставил перед ним бутылку лимонада. 7. Я позавтракал. 8. Мы выпили воды. 9. Он принес им мясо с овощами. 10. Ты поставил посуду на стол. 11. Они выпили чаю. 12. Она убрала со стола грязные тарелки. 13. Дети надели пальто. 14. Сюзанна сшила себе платье на день рождения. 15. Она открыла коробку шоколадных конфет. 16. Я купила молоко для молочного коктейля. 17. Джеймс заказал бутылочку яблочного сока. 18. Мы поискали побольше компакт-дисков с хорошей музыкой. 19. Ты записал свой любимый фильм на его видеомагнитофоне? 20. Я перевел трудную статью с немецкого языка на русский.

Exercise 5. Сделайте из данных предложений отрицательные.

  1. She has found a wallet on the road.
  2. We have tidied our country house.
  3.  The weather has changed.
  4. Liz has left you a note.
  5. They have moved to another hotel.
  6.  I have caught a big fish.
  7.  Pupils have learned this poem.
  8.  Mike has booked the tickets for us.
  9.  The plane has landed.
  10.  The doctor has prescribed some medicine.

Answers: 1. She hasn’t found a wallet on the road. 2.We haven’t tidied our cottage house. 3.The weather hasn’t changed. 4. Liz hasn’t left you a note. 5.They haven’t moved to another hotel. 6. I haven’t caught a big fish. 7. Pupils haven’t learned this poem. 8. Mike hasn’t booked the tickets for us. 9. The plane hasn’t landed. 10. The doctor hasn’t prescribed some medicine.

Exercise 6. Сделайте из данных предложений вопросительные.

  1. We have been to the theatre.
  2.  I have painted the walls in my bedroom.
  3.  Richard has turned on the radio.
  4.  They have explained this rule to me.
  5. Amy and Ron have gone to play tennis.
  6. Molly has made a cup of tea.
  7.  His parents have gone to the market.
  8. Nelly has typed three letters.
  9.  The parrot has flown away.
  10.  The students have prepared for the exams.

Answers: 1.Have we been to the theatre? 2. I have painted the walls in my bedroom. 3. Has Richard turned on the radio? 4. Have they explained this rule to me? 5. Have Amy and Ron gone to play tennis? 6. Has Molly made a cup of tea? 7. Have his parents gone to the market? 8. Has Nelly typed three letters? 9. Has the parrot flown away? 10. Have the students prepared for the exams?

Exercise 7. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющейся форме, так чтобы получить Present Con­tinuous или Present Perfect.

  1. What’s the matter? Why he (to stop)?
  2.  My cousin (to look) for a job, but he (not to find) a job yet.
  3.  It (to be) impossible for her to feel at home here.
  4. What you (to study) now?
  5.  They just (to give) you a pay rise.
  6.  Sophie is busy. She (to knit) a sweater for her grandson.
  7.  You only (to have) a piece of cake? You (not to eat) much.
  8.  People (to plant) carrots and tomatoes now.
  9. You (to go) to plant tomatoes this year?
  10.  Johnny, who finally (to find) a new job, (to give) a big party.
  11.  How long you (to be) sick?
  12.  You (to see) any good mov­ies recently?
  13.  What you (to look) forward to?
  14.  Nancy (to look) forward to this weekend.
  15.  She (to go) to read Shakespeare and she (not to go) to think about work.
  16. Mike (to leave) for work yet?
  17. They (to pay) their electric bill this month?
  18. How long you (to know) each other?
  19. Your car (to make) strange noises. Is anything wrong?
  20. The boy (to do) his homework and (to take) a karate lesson now.
  21.  I (to have) dinner with my friends at the moment and I am very happy to see them again.
  22. Jay never (to travel) overseas.
  23. We always (to have) a dog and a cat. We love pets.
  24. Larry never (to own) a sports car.

Answers: 1. Why has he stopped. 2. My cousin is looking, he hasn’t found. 3. It has been. 4. What are you studying. 5. They have just given you a pay rise. 6. She is knitting. 7. Have you only had, you haven’t eaten. 8. People are planting. 9. Are you going. 10. Johnny, who has finally found, is giving. 11. How long have you been. 2. Have you seen. 13. What are you looking. 14. Nancy is looking. 15. She is going, she is not going. 16. Has Mike left. 17. Have they paid. 18. How long have you known. 19. Your car is making. 20. The boy has done, is taking. 21. I am having. 22. Jay has never travelled. 23. We have always had. 24. Larry has never owned.

Exercise 8. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect или Past Simple.

  1.  It (to be) very cold yesterday.
  2. When you (to meet) him?
  3. I (not to see) him since 1997.
  4.  How many mushrooms you (to gather)?
  5. Where you (to put) the newspaper? I want to read it, but cannot find it anywhere.
  6.  The new school (to begin) work­ing last year.
  7.  At last I (to do) all my homework: now I shall go out.
  8.  The building of the house (to begin) early in April.
  9. The rain (to stop) but a cold wind is still blowing.
  10.  We already (to solve) the problem.
  11. He (to come) a moment ago.
  12.  I nev­er (to speak) to him.
  13.  He just (to finish) his work.
  14.  You (to make) any spelling mistakes in your dic­tation?
  15.  What books you (to read) when you (to live) in the country?
  16.  They (not yet to come) from the south.
  17.  He (to be) ill last week, but now he (to recover).
  18. If everybody (to read) this new nov­el, let’s discuss it.
  19. You (to book) tickets? — Yes, I … . I (to book) them several days ago.
  20.  I can hardly recognize you. I (not to see) you since you (to leave) for Moscow. And you (to change) so much.
  21.  You (to read) all the books on this shelf?
  22. I (not to see) my cousin since last year.
  23.  Why you (to put) these things in the wrong place?
  24. Why you (to leave) the door open? You will catch cold sitting in the draught.
  25.  «We (not to meet) for such a long time!» said my friend. «Yes, indeed,»I answered, «and we both (to grow).»

Answers: 1. it was. 2. When did you meet. 3. I have not seen. 4. Have you gathered. 5. Where have you put. 6. The new school began working. 7. I have done. 8. The building of the house began. 9. The rain has stopped. 10. We have already solved. 11. He came. 12. I have never spoken. 13. He has just finished. 14. Have you made. 15. What books did you read, you lived. 16. They have not yet come. 17. He was, he has recovered. 18. Everybody has read. 19. Have you booked, I have, I booked 20. I have not seen, you left, you have changed. 21. Have you read. 22. I have not seen. 23. Why have you put. 24. Why have you left. 25. We have not met, we both have grown.

WELL DONE!

Литература:

  1. Павличенко О.М. Английский язык. Грамматический практикум. II уровень. — 2-е изд., испр. и доп. — X.: Ранок, 2012. — 304 с.
  2. Голицынский Ю.Б. Грамматика: Сборник упражнений. — 5-е изд., — СПб: КАРО, 2005. — 544 с. — (Английский язык для школьников).

 

Загрузка…

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Present perfect упражнения на разные уровни английского


Приветствуем всех ценителей английского языка на очередном практическом занятии! Сегодня мы продолжаем закреплять знание английской системы времен: вспоминать ее правила и отрабатывать их на практике. В данном материале мы проработаем краткую теорию аспекта настоящего совершенного времени в английском языке и выполним для present perfect упражнения разного уровня сложности. Практическая работа будет разделена на два блока. Для решения первой части достаточно базовых знаний по теме, поэтому она может использоваться как проверочная работа для детей 4 и 5 классов. А второй раздел содержит усложненные задания, рекомендованные для уровня intermediate. Но для начала быстро пробежимся по теории.

Содержание статьи

Построение и употребление предложений в present perfect

Перфектные времена используются для выражения результативности и завершенности действий и событий. Настоящее совершенное время указывает на то, что совершенное действие имеет непосредственное отношение к данному моменту времени, т.е. либо было завершено только что, либо сейчас актуален его результат.

Для того, чтобы правильно выполнить упражнения на present perfect, необходимо уверенно ориентироваться в построении его конструкций. Для создания утверждения следует правильно согласовать с подлежащим форму вспомогательного глагола have и добавить в сказуемое причастие прошедшего времени. Его форму необходимо либо искать в таблицах и запоминать (если это неправильный глагол), либо образовать путем присоединения к инфинитиву окончания –ed. Рассмотрим примеры.

  • She has just cooked dinner – Она только что приготовила обед.
  • We have finished the work on this project – Мы завершили работу над этим проектом.

Совершённое время способно самостоятельно образовывать вопросительные и отрицательные высказывания. В первом случае для этого перемещают вспомогательный have в начало предложения, а во втором – после have добавляют частицу not. В формальной речи эти выражения стоят отдельно, а в разговорной часто сливаются в сокращенные конструкции: haven’t/hasn’t.

  • Have they sent these documents already? – Они уже отправили эти документы?
  • He hasn’t been to my party – Его не было на моей вечеринке.

Прежде чем решать на отработку present perfect практические упражнения, необходимо составить четкое понимание сферы употребления данного аспекта. Тем более, что его часто путают с другими временами. Итак, в общих чертах выделяют несколько характерных случаев применения презент перфект:

  • Указание на недавно завершившееся действие;
  • Выражение полученного опыта;
  • Обозначение произошедших изменений, улучшений, достижений;
  • Описание неоднократно совершавшихся действий;
  • Указание на ожидаемое, но пока не законченное действие (отрицание).

Главное, что важно отметить, – перфектное настоящее не имеет конкретного указателя времени. Оно выражает начало, продолжительность и окончание действий/событий с помощью абстрактных понятий: всегда, никогда, только что, уже, еще, к такому-то времени, с такого то времени и т.п.

Теперь, когда мы вспомнили всю теорию на present perfect tense, решать упражнения будет намного легче. Приступим к выполнению тренировки полученных знаний! Напоминаем, что задания разделены на базовый и повышенный уровни сложности.

Present perfect упражнения для начального и среднего уровней

Unit 1. Упражнения для начального уровня.

Present perfect exercises for kids and beginners

Unit 1. Задание №1.

Напишите в нужной форме глагол have

Unit 1. Задание №2.

Образуйте причастие прошедшего времени

Unit 1. Задание №3.

Выберите верный ответ

1.

I

have never behas been neverhave never beenhave never to be

to France.

2.

We

has playedhave playedhave playhas play

football in the yard.

3.

She

have already singhas already sunghave sang alreadyhas already sang

already…this song today.

4.

Mary and Peter

has gohas gonehave gonehave go

to the theatre this week.

5.

You

have livehas livedhas livehave lived

in Berlin for two years.

6.

My Granny

have already drankhas already drunkhas already drankhas already drink

five cups of tea today.

7.

Have you ever rideHave you ever riddenHas you ever riddenHave you ever rode

a horse?

8.

I

have not washedhas not washedhave washed nothas washed not

the dishes yet.

9.

She

already closehas already closehas already closedhave already closed

already… the door.

10.

Have we finishedHas we finishedHave we finishHas we finish

our work?

Unit 2. Упражнения для среднего уровня

Present perfect tense – 4 exercises for intermediate (4 упражнения для среднего уровня)

Unit 2. Задание №1.

Образуйте сказуемое формы present perfect

Unit 2. Задание №2.

Укажите правильную конструкцию

1.

He

finishedhas finishedhave finishedfinish

his work by 5 o’clock.

2.

I

boughthas boughthave boughthave buy

a ticket for Premier League match.

3.

We

have watchedwas watchinghas watchedwere watching

this film at 4 o’clock yesterday.

4.

Has you turn offHave you turned offDo you turn offYou turned off

(you) the computer already?

5.

Boris

has seenhasn’t seenhaven’t seenhave seen

never his mother.

6.

Pupils

has learnthave learnthave learnhas learn

27 new English words today.

7.

have he washedhave he washhas he washedhaven’t he wash

(he) the car already?

8.

My parents

have soldhas soldsoldsell

this house in 2000.

9.

The meeting

startedhasn’t startedhas startedhaven’t started

. yet.

10.

You

have toldhaven’t toldhasn’t toldhas told

never me this story.

Unit 2. Задание №3.

Выберите верный перевод

1.

Вы вели с ним переписку с 2008 года, не так ли?

Have you corresponded with him since 2008?You have corresponded with him since 2008, haven’t you?You have corresponded with him since 2008, have you?

2.

Они были в Германии 5 раз.

They have been in Germany five times.They have been to Germany five times.They haven’t been at Germany five times.

3.

Разве Олег еще не отремонтировал твою машину?

Haven’t Oleg repaired your car yet?Hasn’t Oleg repaired your car yet?Haven’t Oleg repair your car yet?

4.

Я никогда не любил танцевать.

I haven’t never liked to dance.I have never liked dance.I have never liked to dance.

5.

Зачем ты записал наш разговор?

Why have you recorded our conversation?Why you have recorded our conversation?Why have recorded you our conversation?

Unit 2. Задание №4.

Переведите предложения

ПОХОЖИЕ И РЕКОМЕНДОВАННЫЕ СТАТЬИ

ДРУГИЕ СТАТЬИ ПО ТЕМЕ

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Упражнения на Present Perfect с ответами: для средних классов

2016-04-26

Автор: Елизавета Морозова

Рубрика: Грамматика

Здравствуйте, мои любимые читатели.

Сегодня мы будем практиковать очень интересную тему английского языка, с которой у многих возникает куча проблем — «Настоящее совершенное время». А закреплять мы ее будем, выполняя упражнения на Present Perfect. Надеюсь, что после этого вам станет намного легче справляться с этим временем.

Упражнение 1.

  1. I (to be) to their concert twice. Their music is amazing.
  2. I (not/to see) Jane since the day of her wedding. They (to come back) from their honey moon yet?
  3. —Where is your ID Card? —I (to lose) it. They are going to make me another one.
  4. Oh, look! It’s Sarah. I (not/to see) her for a long time.
  5. Jane is on holiday. She (to go) to Ireland.
  6. —Are you going to the medical center? —I (already/to be) there today.
  7. I am waiting for a very important letter. It (not/to arrive) yet?
  8. My father (to start) a new job recently. He is very busy now. I (not/talk) to him for a long time already.

 

Упражнение 2.

  1. You (to hear) from Melisa recently? — No, she (to go) to China for a seminar and (not/come back) yet.
  2. It was a great weekend. I (to meet) lots of people for the last few days.
  3. It is the first time I (to swim) in the ocean. I (never/do) this before.
  4. You (ever\try) Indian or Chinese food?
  5. I have been very busy with the project recently. So I (not/seen) any of my friends for a long time.
  6. You (ever/to speak) to a famous person in your life?
  7. What is the most beautiful place you (ever/to see)?
  8. I (to give up) smoking last year. I (not\to smoke) since then.

 

Упражнение 3.

Hello, Josh. I hope you are enjoying your holidays in America. Everything is fine at home. Molly 1. (to receive) the exam results from school recently. She 2. (to get) the highest possible point among all the children. Aunt Franny 3.  (to sell) her old car and 4. (already/to buy) a new one. Mother 5.  (already/to plan) our next weekend holidays. We are going for a barbeque party. Father 6.  (to be) to Paris twice since the time you left. He has so much to tell you. And I  7. (to get) a confirmation letter about my internship in the law firm. So everything is good. Come home. We miss you.

 

Упражнение 4.

In a result of a lottery win, the life of The Brants has changed completely.

  1. They (to move) to a new big house. Besides, they (to hire) a cleaner and a butler.
  2. Brant (to gain) weight and (to grow) a beard.
  3. Lily Brant (to take up) tennis. She (already/win) the school championship.
  4. John Brant (to join) the football team
  5. Brant (to lose) weight. She (to buy) new clothes and (to join) the reading club.

 

Упражнение 5.

  1. Ты раньше водил машину?
  2. — Ты когда-либо играла в теннис? — Нет, никогда.
  3. Я читаю газеты каждое утро. Но я еще не читал газету сегодня.
  4. Ты был в Лондоне?
  5. — Как тебе новая учительница? — Я не знаю. Я болела, поэтому еще не встречала ее.
  6. Лили потеряла паспорт. Это второй раз, когда это произошло.
  7. Билли снова звонит своей девушке. Этой третий раз, когда он позвонил ей за этот вечер.

 

Попробуйте пройти онлайн тест по теме Present Perfect.

Ну вот, мои дорогие, надеюсь, что вы вдоволь напрактиковались и грамматика 6 и 7 класса с вами прижилась). Ждите следующие практические уроки, а пока я с вами прощаюсь.

До новых встреч.

See you soon.


Смотрите также:

Упражнения на Present Perfect Continuous

Упражнения на Past Simple

Упражнения на Past Perfect

Упражнения на сравнение Present Perfect и Past Simple


Ответы.

Упражнение 1.

  1. Have been.
  2. Haven’t seen, have they come.
  3. Have lost.
  4. Have not seen.
  5. Has gone.
  6. Have already been.
  7. Has not it arrived.
  8. Has started, have not talked.

Упражнение 2.

  1. Have you heard, has gone, has not come back
  2. Have met.
  3. Have swum, have never done.
  4. Have you ever tried.
  5. Have not seen.
  6. Have you ever spoken.
  7. Have ever seen.
  8. Gave up, have not smoked.

Упражнение 3.

  1. Has received.
  2. Has got.
  3. Has sold.
  4. Has already bought.
  5. Has already planned
  6. Has been.
  7. Have got.

Упражнение 4.

  1. Have moved, have hired.
  2. Has gained, has grown.
  3. Has taken up, has already won.
  4. Has joined.
  5. Has lost, has bought, has joined.

Упражнение 5.

  1. Have you ever driven a car?
  2. —Have you ever played tennis? — No, I have not.
  3. I read the newspapers every morning. But I haven’t read the paper today.
  4. Have you been to London?
  5. — How’s you new teacher? I don’t know. I was sick, so I haven’t met her yet.
  6. Lily has lost the passport. This is the second time it has happened.
  7. Billy is calling to his girlfriend. This is the third time he has phoned her this evening.

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Упражнения «Настоящее совершенное время Present Perfect» (с ответами)

1. Поставьте глаголы из скобок в форму Present Perfect. Предложения могут быть утвердительные, отрицательные и вопросительные.

Н-р:      I never … (be) to Australia. – I have never been to Australia. (Я никогда не был в Австралии.)

             He … (pass) the exam? – Has he passed the exam? (Он сдал экзамен?)

  1. We just … (meet) an American actor. (Мы только что встретили американского актера.)
  2. Your husband … (sell) the house? (Твой муж продал дом?)
  3. I … (not start) my new job yet. (Я еще не начала свою новую работу.)
  4. You … (be) to New York before? (Вы были в Нью-Йорке раньше?)
  5. Ann … (not choose) the dessert yet. (Аня еще не выбрала десерт.)
  6. They … (do) the shopping today. (Они сделали покупки сегодня.)
  7. Tom … ever (visit) Disneyland? (Том когда-либо посещал Диснейленд?)
  8. I just … (see) a horror film. (Я только что посмотрела фильм ужасов.)
  9. She … (not find) her coat. (Она не нашла свое пальто.)
  10. The cat already … (eat up) the fish. (Кошка уже доела рыбу.)

2. Посмотрите на план подготовки к свадьбе. Напишите о том, что уже сделано, а что — еще нет. Используйте глаголы в Present Perfect и наречия already (уже) и yet (еще не).

Н-р:      We haven’t talked to the priest yet. (Мы  еще не поговорили со священником.)

            We have already booked the restaurant. (Мы уже зарезервировали ресторан.)

  1. talk to the priest (-)
  2. book the restaurant (+)
  3. send the invitations (+)
  4. buy the rings (-)
  5. choose the food (+)
  6. confirm the hotel (-)
  7. book the wedding procession (+)
  8. find the photographer (-)

3. Расставьте слова по порядку. Переведите получившиеся предложения.

  1. have – Britain – several – I – to – times – been
  2. Spain – since – she – lived – in – 1994 – has
  3. five – married – have – they – years – been – for
  4. I – coffee – made – already – for – have – you
  5. never – Bob – a bike – has – had

4. Поставьте наречия из скобок в нужное место.

  1. Have you washed your hands? (already)
  2. We have phoned the doctor. (just)
  3. Has she ridden a horse? (ever)
  4. I have danced the tango. (never)
  5. The train hasn’t arrived. (yet)

5. Составьте предложения в Present Perfect, используя for (в течение) или since (с тех пор как).

Н-р:  I – not – meet – George – last month. – I haven’t met George since last month. (Я не встречала Джорджа с прошлого месяца.)

  1. We – know – him – six months.
  2. Jack – not – play – hockey – last winter.
  3. Mary – be – a real friend – our childhood.
  4. They – live – in Tokyo – a long time.
  5. My Dad – work – as a builder – three years.

 

Ответы:

1.

  1. We have just met an American actor.
  2. Has your husband sold the house?
  3. I haven’t started my new job yet.
  4. Have you been to New York before?
  5. Ann hasn’t chosen the dessert yet.
  6. They have done the shopping today.
  7. Has Tom ever visited Disneyland?
  8. I have just seen a horror film.
  9. She hasn’t found her coat.
  10. The cat has already eaten up the fish.

2.

  1. We have already sent the invitations. (Мы уже послали приглашения.)
  2. We haven’t bought the rings yet. (Мы еще не купили кольца.)
  3. We have already chosen the food. (Мы уже выбрали еду.)
  4. We haven’t confirmed the hotel yet. (Мы еще не подтвердили отель.)
  5. We have already booked the wedding procession. (Мы уже заказали свадебный кортеж.)
  6. We haven’t found the photographer yet. (Мы еще не нашли фотографа.)

3.

  1. I have been to Britain several times. (Я был в Британии несколько раз.)
  2. She has lived in Spain since 1994. (Она живет в Испании с 1994 года.)
  3. They have been married for five years. (Они женаты в течение 5 лет.)
  4. I have already made coffee for you. (Я уже сделал кофе для тебя.)
  5. Bob has never had a bike. (У Боба никогда не было мотоцикла.)

4.

  1. Have you already washed your hands? (Ты уже помыл руки?)
  2. We have just phoned the doctor. (Мы только что позвонили доктору.)
  3. Has she ever ridden a horse? (Ты когда-либо каталась верхом на лошади?)
  4. I have never danced the tango. (Я никогда не танцевала танго.)
  5. The train hasn’t arrived yet. (Поезд еще не прибыл.)

5.

  1. We have known him for six months. (Мы знаем его в течение 6 месяцев.)
  2. Jack hasn’t played hockey since last winter. (Джек не играл в хоккей с прошлой зимы.)
  3. Mary has been a real friend since our childhood. (Мэри была настоящим другом со времени нашего детства.)
  4. They have lived in Tokyo for a long time. (Они живут в Токио долгое время.)
  5. My Dad has worked as a builder for three years. (Мой отец работает строителем в течение трех лет.)

Упражнения «Настоящее совершенное время Present Perfect» (с ответами) — 4.8 out of
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Упражнения на Present Perfect с ответами и переводом

Present Perfect – одно из времен английского глагола, с которым у начинающих возникают трудности, так как у него нет прямого аналога в русском языке. Упражнения на Present Perfect помогут вам разобраться в тонкостях его употребления, лучше их запомнить. Если вы не знакомы с этой темой, рекомендую сначала прочитать: “Present Perfect – настоящее совершенное время в английском языке”.

Упражнение 1: Present Perfect в утвердительной форме

Повторите употребление Present Perfect в утвердительной форме. Обращайте внимание на неправильные глаголы.

Показать ответы с переводом:

1. I have finished the exercise (to finish). – Я уже закончил упражнение.

2. We are tired. We have written two essays in a row (to write). – Мы устали. Мы написали два эссе подряд.


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3. Ellen has known me for three years (to know). – Эллен знает меня три года.

4. You have lost all your savings (to lose). – Ты потерял все свои сбережения.

5. She has lived in Nebraska for five years (to live). – Она прожила в Небраске три года.

6. Julia and her parents have arleady moved to another town (to move). – Джулия и ее родители уже переехали в другой город.

7. I have fixed your bike. You can ride it (to fix). – Я починил твой велосипед. Можешь кататься на нем.

8. It has been a year since we moved (to be). – Прошел год с тех пор, как мы переехали.

9. Dad has already picked me up from the school, mom (to pick up) – Папа уже забрал меня из школы, мама.

10. He has already been here before (to be). – Он уже был здесь раньше.

Упражнение 2: Present Perfect в отрицательной форме

В этом упражнении вам нужно образовать Present Perfect в отрицательной форме, раскрыв скобки.

Показать ответы с переводом:

1. I can’t go. I have not cleaned my jacket. – Я не могу идти. Я не почистил свой пиджак.

2. They have not opened your letter yet. – Они еще не открыли твое письмо.

3. She has not visited her husband since April. – Она не навещала своего мужа с апреля.

4. Bob and Jack have not taken a day off for a month. – Боб и Джек месяц не брали выходной.

5. He has not been here before. – Он не был здесь раньше.

6. We have not touched anything on the crime scene, detective. – Мы ничего не трогали на месте преступления, детектив.

7. Anna doesn’t know if she is off tomorrow. She has not read her schedule. – Анна не знает выходной ли у нее завтра. Она не прочитала свой график работы.

8. The boy has not washed his hands. They are dirty. – Мальчик не вымыл руки. Они грязные.

9. We have not ever seen snow. It’s amazing. – Мы никогда не видели снег. Он потрясающий.

Упражнение 3: Present Perfect в вопросительной форме

Повторите употребление Present Perfect в вопросительной форме с помощью этого упражнения.

Показать ответы с переводом:

1. Have you ever eaten shrimps? – Вы когда-нибудь ели креветки?

2. Has your sister watched ‘Titanic’? – Твоя сестра смотрела “Титаник”?

3. Have those sparrows already seen the cat? – Эти воробьи уже заметили кошку?

4. What have the kids found in the old mansion? – Что нашли дети в старом особняке?

5. Who has broken the window? – Кто разбил окно?

6. Where have Allen and Nina spent their honeymoon? – Где Аллен и Нина провели свой медовый месяц?

Упражнение 4: For или Since?

Одна из трудностей Present Perfect – употребление for и since. Выберите правильный вариант, опираясь на контекст.

Показать ответы с переводом:

1. I haven’t been to Vice City for two years. – Я не был в Вайс-Сити два года.

2. John has lived in Japan since 2015. – Джон живет в Японии с 2015 года.

3. You have been unconscious for a long time. – Ты был без сознания долгое время.

4. Liza hasn’t written since Christmas. – Лиза не пишет с Рождества.

5. We have had sunny weather since Monday. – У нас солнечная погода с понедельника.

6. I haven’t played guitar for ages. – Я уже сто лет не играл на гитаре.

Упражнение 5: Present Perfect во всех формах

В этом упражнении вы закрепите употребление Present Perfect в утвердительной, отрицательной и вопросительной формах.

Показать ответы с переводом:

1. I have never seen an elephant (to see). – Я никогда не видел слона.

2. Has Diana forgiven her husband? (to forgive) – Диана простила своего мужа?

3. Cats have scratched his palm (to scratch) – Кошки поцарапали его ладонь.

4. What have we decided? (to decide). – Что мы решили?

5. Have you ever been to Russia? (to be) – Вы когда-нибудь были в России?

6. How has the boy survived in the jungle? (to survive) – Как мальчик выжил в джунглях?

7. They have almost won (to win). – Они почти победили.


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Упражнение 6: Найдите ошибки в тексте

В этом коротком тексте намеренно допущено несколько ошибок. Выделите слова с ошибками и нажмите “Проверить”.

Показать ответы с переводом:

I have lived in Russia since April, but I haven’t seen Lake Baikal yet.Я живу в России с апреля, но еще не видел озеро Байкал.
My friend Igor haven’t seen it too.Мой друг Игорь тоже не видел его.
Next month we are travelling to Irkutsk.В следующем месяце мы едем в Иркутск.
I have already visited five cities.Я уже посетил пять городов.
It have taken me a lot of time to visit them but I don’t regret.Это заняло у меня много времени, но я не жалею.
I have not travelled so much since the last five years.Я не путешествовал так много последние пять лет.

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